Methods for Measuring Evolutionary Potential in Marine Biota
Climate change has negatively affected the world’s oceans through increased water temperatures and acidification, and marine biota have exhibited strongly negative reactions to these changes. However, many preliminary studies have failed to account for marine biota’s potential to adapt to future environmental conditions. This paper reviews the various methods that exist for measuring evolutionary potential in marine species, including quantitative genetics, molecular genomics, and experimental evolution. The strengths and limitations of each method are outlined, and notable examples of each method from the literature are reviewed. Finally, the results of existing studies are summarized, and suggestions are made for future improvements to studies of evolutionary potential in marine organisms.